Part I. Write True for the correct statement and False for Incorrect one
1. The primary concern of moral and civic education is the rights and duties of Citizens
2. Political culture defines the roles which an individual citizen may play in the political process
3. A Citizen with relevant knowledge and skill can be competent though he/she lacks positive attitude
4. According to ethical egoism, human beings are selfish by nature
5. Laws can be unethical or immoral
Part II. Choose the best answer from the given alternatives
1. Among the Goals of moral and Civic Education, one is to create good citizens. Which of the following is NOT character of good citizens?
A. Having a balanced understanding of rights and duties
B. Believing in the equality of opportunity for all people
C. Putting one’s own welfare above the general welfare
D. Capable to shoulder family and national responsibility
2. Among the following definitions of Civics, which one is the definition given by UNDP in 2004?
A. Civics is the knowledge of constitutions, the principles, values, history and its application
B. Civics is a way of learning for effective participation in a democratic and development process
C. Civics is the development of ideas, habits, behaviors and useful attitudes in the individual which enables him to be a useful member of the society
D. None of the above
3. Of the three maxims (principles) of Categorical imperative, which principle has received more widespread approval than any other part of Kant’s moral philosophy?
A. The Principle of Universality
B. The Principle of Humanity as an End, Never as a Means
C. The Principle of Autonomy
D. A and B
4. Which one of the following is WRONG about Teleological (consequentialist) Ethics?
A. It advocates the greatest good for the greatest number of people
B. It beliefs that “The means justifies the end”
C. An action is morally right if the result of that action is good or brings pleasure
D. Egoistic Hedonism is the category of Teleological (consequence – based) Ethics
5. Ethics and Morality are differ in that:
A. The former is the philosophical or systematical study of the latter while the latter is the subject matter of the former
B. The latter establishes the codes to be followed by human beings whereas the former is the conformity of human behavior to the established code of human conduct
C. The latter is related to theory whereas the former is a matter of doing
D. The former is the voluntary human actions studied by the latter
6. According to David Ross, which one of the following is the duty to keep promises?
A. Duty of Fidelity
B. Duty of Reparation
C. Duty of Beneficence
D. Duty of Gratitude
7. Which theory of ethics determines an action as right if the consequence of that action is favorable to everyone concerned including the doer?
D. A and C
8. Which of the following theory is MISMATCHED?
A. Teleology – the end justifies the means
B. Virtue – character determines the rightness and wrongness of the action
C. Deontology – duty makes right
9. “It is better to be human being dissatisfied than the pig satisfied, better to be Socrates dissatisfied than the fool satisfied.” Which one of the following is TRUE according to this quotation?
A. Happiness should be qualitative rather than quantitative
B. Happiness should be quantitative rather than qualitative
C. The number of happiness is better than the kind of happiness
D. The greatest good is quantity over quality
10. Suppose that Bonsa is the Medical Doctor working in a public Hospital. He is the competent and hard worker physician who always treating his patients professionally and responsibly. Unfortunately, one patient was died while the Doctor was using his maximum professional effort to save that patient. Based on this condition, which theory of ethics is likely to judge the action of Doctor Bonsa as morally right and wrong respectively?
A. Teleological theory and Deontological theory
B. Deontological theory and Teleological theory
C. Utilitarianism theory and altruism theory
D. Altruism theory and Utilitarianism theory