Logic Mid Exam – Dire Dawa University

Part I: write ‘True’ if the statement is correct, and ‘False’ if it is incorrect

1. Rationalism is a theory or epistemology argues that sense-observation is the source of knowledge

2. In deductive argument, a certain argument is valid as long as the conclusion is probably followed from the premises

3. Philosophical questions are specific and merely a question of facts

4. A deductive argument having true premise and false conclusion can be both valid and invalid  

5. Learning philosophy lead students to become critical and rational thinker

6. Some conditional statements can be re-expressed to form an argument

7. Mastering the content and arguments of other philosophers is a best way to be a philosopher

8. Always deductive argument constructed by the form on syllogism contains exactly two conclusions and one premise

9. “For this reason” is a special indicator that came immediately after premise and before conclusion in argumentative passage

10. All non-argumentative passage has no means of being argumentative passage

11. Good arguments appear as a result of actual truth of statements in argumentative passage

Part II: Match the concepts stated under column “A” with their respective with their respective phrases/words under “B” column

Column A

12. The study of nature and purpose of God

13. Theory of Values

14. Deals about mind-body problem

15. The study about nature, scope and meaning knowledge

16. A science of correct reasoning

17. Sense experience is the source of knowledge

18. The study of the nature of existence

19. The study of origin, nature, and development of the universe

20. Direct or immediate apprehension

Column B

A. Empiricism

B. Anthropological aspect

C. Ontological aspect

D. Theology

E. Intuition

F. Cosmological

G. Logic

H. Epistemology

I. Axiology

Part III: Choose the correct answer from the given alternatives

21. Which of the following is false about argument forms?

A. The idea of conclusion goes beyond the idea of premises under inductive argument
B. Mathematical expression like statistics is interpreted as inductive argument
C. The meaning of premise and conclusion is the same under argument based on definition
D. Inductive arguments are wrong because there is weak inferential claim

22. While distinguishing premise and conclusion of argument raising questions like; what a single statement claimed to follow from others? Or what is the central point of the argument? will help us to identify all except _____  

A. The existence of reasoning process
B. Conclusion of argument
C. Passing comment
D. Inferential claim

23. From the following statement which one is false about argument?

A. Invalid deductive arguments are unsound
B. All unsound deductive arguments are invalid
C. Sound deductive arguments are valid
D. Validity of an argument is determined by actual truth of statement in the argument

24. All of the following are correct statements, except

A. If the premises necessary support the conclusion, such argument is deductive
B. A single conditional statement is an argument
C. All passages that contain indictor words may or may not be an argument
D. All statements are sentences but not all sentences are statements

25. All Ethiopians are Speak English language. All Kenyans are Ethiopians. Therefore, all Kenyans are speaking English language. This argument is

A. Deductive, Valid and Sound
B. Inductive, Strong and Cogent
C. Deductive, Invalid and Unsound
D. Deductive, Valid and Unsound

26. All are the basic criteria of evaluating argument except _____ 

A. The existence factual claim  
B. Inferential link between Premises and Conclusion
C. The reasoning process
D. The mere existence of indicator words

27. Last month in his speech, the President of Ethiopian Olympic Sport Dr. Ashebir, said  that “Abebe Bikila had been won Olympic Gold Medal in Marathon race of Tokyo. Therefore, Ethiopian athletes will win Marathon race of 2020 prepared by Japan in Tokyo.” The argument of Dr. Ashebir is

A. Inductive, Strong
B. Inductive, Weak
C. Deductive, Valid
D. Deductive, invalid

28. In which of the following combinations valid deductive argument does not occur?

A. If the premise(s) is/are presumed true and then the conclusion is false
B. If the premise(s) is/are presumed true and then the conclusion is true
C. If the premise(s) is/are presumed false and then the conclusion is true
D. If the premise(s) is/are presumed false and then the conclusion is false

29. Which of the following alternative contain all argumentative forms?

A. Expository passages, reports, pieces of advice
B. Illustrations, syllogisms, explanations
C. Predictions, categorical syllogisms, arguments from signs
D. Warnings, conditional statements, statements of belief

30. Pertaining Philosophy and Logic which one of the following is false statement?

A. Philosophers use Logic to construct their own argument and to evaluate the arguments of others
B. Philosophy and Logic deals about far apart concepts and views
C. It is not possible to be a Philosopher without having the concept of Logic
D. As compared to Logic, Philosophy is more comprehensive

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