Civic Mid Exam 2 – Bahir Dar University

Instruction I: Write True if the statement is correct and False if the statement is incorrect

1. Ethics has the role of exploring the meaning and the ranking at different ethical values

2. Meta ethics is the reasoned search for principles of human conduct

3. Bentham’s version of utilitarianism focuses on quality of the pleasure

4. Abebe has two oranges for lunch and forty-eight oranges for dinner. According to Aristotle, virtue strikes the mean: and thus, Abebe has to eat twenty-five oranges on average

5. According to teleological theory of ethics, an action is moray right if the consequences of that action are more favorable than unfavorable

6. According to Plato justice is the harmonious relationship between the parts of the soul

Instruction II. Match an appropriate word or phrase from column “A” to column “B”, which concerns on the principle of Hedonic calculus

Column A

1. Intensity

2. Duration

3. Certainty

4. Propinquity

5. Fecundity

6. Purity

7. Extent

Column B

A. to what extent it is free from pain

B. how likely it is to occur

C. how long it will last

D. how near at hand it is

E. its ability to produce still further pleasure

F. how strong it is

G. the number of people affected by it

Instruction III. Write the correct alternative from multiple choices

1. Under which type of political culture the problem of political apathy is most widespread

A. Participant political culture
B. Subject political culture
C. Civic political culture
D. Parochial political culture

2. Identify the one that is different from the others

A. Civility
B. Tolerance of diversity
C. Communication skills
D. Civic-mindedness

3. The Aristotelian golden mean of ‘FEAR’ is

A. Cowardice
B. Foolhardiness
C. Courage
D. Buffoonery

4. “An action is morally good if it’s done with good intention even that would mean the consequence of the action is bad” The stated moral principle best fits to which theory of morality?

A. Prime facie duty
B. Kantianism
C. Virtue ethics
D. Utilitarianism

5. Which of the following is not an element of prima facie duty?

A. Fidelity
B. Duty to God
C. Beneficence
D. Self-improvement

6. A utilitarian person is more likely to make ethical decisions

A. Based on the usefulness of the decision
B. Based on the intuitive common sense
C. Based on the ethical principle of duty to others
D. All

7. Applied normative ethics evaluates particular and controversial moral problems. Which one is different from the view of applied ethics?

A. Abortion
B. Capital punish
C. Sex outside manage
D. Voluntary Service

8. Deontological theories define a morally right action in terms of

A. Its consequences  
B. Its conformity to certain moral rules  
C. The virtuousness of the agent
D. The costs and benefits of the action

9. To respect rules and standards freely and from our own initiative without being forced or controlled by outside expectations or imposition is

A. Individual responsibility
B. Civility
C. Self-discipline
D. Compassion

10. Providing an appropriate response to unsubstantiated generalizations is

A. Recognition of ambiguity
B. Civil discourse
C. Openness
D. Healthy skepticism

Instruction IV. Fill the blank space

1. Among egoistic hedonism ____ interested in the lower pleasures, enjoy as much bodily pleasure and as immediately as possible, but ____ stresses on health of the body and peace of the mind

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *