Psychology Final Exam – Debre Tabor University

Part I: Write ‘TRUE’ if the statement is correct and ‘FALSE’ if statement is incorrect

1. Sensation is quiet similar across people

2. Behaviorists believe that learning is largely determine by nurture

3. Extrinsic motivation occurs when we act without any obvious external rewards

4. Information is repeated over and over as a possible way of remembering is chunking

5. Reading “A 13” as A and B and “12 B” as 12 and 13 is an example of closure

6. A substitute stimulus that elicits the same response in an organism as a UCS is CS

7. Attention is a strategy that transfer information from sensory memory to short term memory

Part II: Match the correct motivational theory from column “B” to their correct example stated in column “A”

Column A

1. Motivated to make body hemostasis (steady sate)

2. Motivation for mating, nest building and sex

3. Keep optimal (not too high or too low) motivation

4. The motivation type depend on hierarchy of the five needs

5. Motivation is the result of Belief, expectation and goals

6. Motivation relayed on external reward money, grade and food

Column B

A. Arousal

B. Behavioral

C. Cognitive

D. Humanistic

E. Incentive

F. Drive reduction

G. Instinct

Part III: Choose the best answer from the given alternatives for the following questions

1. “After intentionally deleting my ex-girlfriend photos and videos from my phone that reminds me her, now I’m well and concentrated on my education” this case best explain the type of forgetting

A. Motivated
B. Cue dependent
C. Interference
D. Decay

2. Which type of long-term memory is different from the others?

A. Mathematical formula
B. The chemical formula of water
C. Knowing how to comb your hair
D. The largest river in the world

3. Miss. x has just heard a list of 12 random letters read aloud to her English language laboratory. She is then asked to repeat as many letters from the list as possible. Lastly, Sofia can only repeat the last three letters. This refers to ___

A. The primacy effect
B. The recency effect
C. The middle effect
D. Rehearsal

4. According to Bandura, a reinforcement type given to the model to encourage the observer refers to:

A. Direct reinforcement
B. Self-reinforcement
C. Negative reinforcement
D. Vicarious reinforcement

5. A woman work for high salary paying job but she intensely dislikes jobs. This refers to ___ conflict of motives

A. Approach – Avoidance
B. Approach – Approach  
C. Avoidance – Avoidance
D. Multiple approach – Avoidance

6. Which of the following is the correct order of hierarchy of needs theory from the bottom to the top?

A. Self-actualization – Esteem – love & belonging – Safety and security – Physiological
B. Self-actualization – love & belonging – Esteem – Safety and security – Physiological
C. Physiological – Safety and security – love and belonging – Esteem – Self-actualization
D. Physiological – Esteem – Safety and security – love and belonging – Self-actualization

7. A child bitten by a red dog is not afraid of black dogs. This is an example of ___

A. Generalization
B. Spontaneous recovery
C. Extinction
D. Discrimination

8. A team coach who benches a player for poor performance while the player wants to play refers to

A. Negative punishment
B. Positive reinforcement
C. Negative reinforcement
D. Positive punishment

9. Which one of the following is NOT an example of absolute threshold?

A. The lightest touch we can feel
B. The lowest volume of a sound we can hear
C. The minimum intensity of light we can see
D. The smallest change in sound we can differentiate

10. Melaku learned Arabic when he was 20 and French later. Now, when he is trying to remember Arabic words he ended up by recalling the French words. Which theory can explain why Melaku forget Arabic words?

A. Proactive interferences
B. Retroactive interferences
C. Displacement
D. Cuc dependency

11. A salesperson who must sell a specific number of items before getting commission. This refers to ___ schedule of reinforcement

A. Variable Ratio Schedules
B. Variable Interval Schedule
C. Fixed Interval Schedules
D. Fixed-ratio schedules

12. Habtamu who is 25 years old boy, tells his little sister about the death of Albert Bandura what he listened a 60 minutes ago on the Radio news. Which stages of memory Habtamu used?

A. Long term memory
B. Sensory memory
C. Working memory
D. Primary memory

13. Which of the following is true about the concept of learning? Learning is

A. Permanent change of behavior
B. Temporal change of behavior
C. The result of practice and experience
D. The result of fatigue and maturations

14. Which of the following is correct about operant theory of Learning? Learning is

A. Emotional and involuntary
B. Stimulus-response and consequence
C. Limitation of model behavior
D. Latent and insight

15. Mr “S” saw a spider in the classroom. As a result, his heart races faster and at the same time he experienced fear. This case is an example of ___ ?

A. James – Lang
B. Drive reduction
C. Schechter- Singer
D. Cannon-Bard

16. Which of the gestalt principle of perception best describe the military uniforms the solider wear not to be visible by the enemy

A. Closure
B. Good figure
C. Figure and Ground
D. Continuation

17. Advertisement of a product in the television caught an attention of viewer when the advertising is

A. Novel than the existed advertisement
B. Similar with other type of advertisement
C. low intensity of sounds and color
D. stagnant picture than motion picture (movie)

18. Which of the following is student personal factors that affect learning

A. Teacher ability and task difficulty
B. Intelligence and motivation
C. Working environment
D. Length of the work

19. Which one of the following is NOT true about short-term memory?

A. Store information for limited time
B. Keep temporal sequence of information
C. It is called conscious memory
D. Has unlimited capacity in storage

20. According to classical conditioning presentation of CS without UCS for a long time will result

A. Spontaneous recovery
B. Stimulus discrimination
C. Extinction
D. Generalization

21. Assume that a person who receive 1 million birr for corruption arrested by a police and punish to pay 10,000 birr, the punishment of the birr amount did not discourage the person and other who wants to engage in the corruption. In this example what makes the punishment ineffective.

A. intensity
B. Consistency
C. Immediacy
D. Shaping

22. According to Albert bandura social learning the stage that require skill, physical capability and resource in the process of imitating the model behavior is

A. Attention
B. Motor reproduction
C. Retention
D. Motivation

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