Global Trends Final Exam – Hawassa University

Part I. Write True if the statement is correct and False if it is not

1. The EU can be an example of a modern-day supranational regional integration organization for binding decisions can be imposed on its member states

2. Neoliberalism as an extension of liberalism/classical economics promotes the ideas of freedom of the market from state intervention

3. Summit diplomacy is a variety of diplomacy that involves the participation of the general public

4. One of the criticisms against globalization is that it is intensifying the process of Americanization that is responsible for the creation of cultural heterogeneity of societies around the world.

5. Globalization is intensifying the erosion of the sovereignty of African states as economic policy impositions from the Global North are becoming the norm

Part II. Choose the best answer

1. The American System of Market-Oriented Capitalism different from the Japanese System of Developmental Capitalism in

A. its profit maximization approach
B. its focus on social harmony
C. Prioritizing wealth distribution over wealth creation
D. the state’s central role in the economy

2. A guide for the actions and decisions of a state to pursue its objectives is defined as

A. Diplomacy
B. National interest
C. Foreign policy
D. International relations

3. Among the following determinants of the foreign policy of a state, which one is not categorized as external?

A. International Law
B. Great powers
C. International Organizations
D. The regime type of the state

4. Which one is an incorrectly matched national political-economic system?

A. Social market capitalism – American
B. Market-oriented capitalism – Japan
C. Developmental capitalism – Germany
D. All

5. The primary foreign policy orientation and objective of Ethiopia during the EPRDF regime was

A. Regaining historical access to the sea
B. Maintaining international peace and security
C. Realizing socialism at home and in the world
D. Ensuring the survival of the multi-national state through an inside-out approach

6. Which pattern of foreign policy was followed by most developing states of the world during the 1960s to detach themselves from both the Western and the Eastern blocs?

A. Alliance Formation
B. Non-alignment
C. Neutrality
D. Isolationism

7. The transformation of the European integration process is from

A. European Community to European Coal and Steel Community to European Union
B. European Coal and Steel Community to European Community to European Union
C. European Coal and Steel Community to European Union to European Community
D. European Union to European Coal and Steel Community to European Community

8. Among the theories of International Political Economy, which one influenced the establishment of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank (WB) in the aftermath of WWII?

A. Developmental State Approach
B. Structuralism
C. Critical Theory
D. Hegemonic Stability Theory

9. Which one of the following global economic institutions were created to facilitate so-called international investment?

A. The World Bank (WB)
B. The World Trade Organization (WTO)
C. The International Trade Organization (ITO)
D. The international Monetary Fund (IMF)

10. Which of the following Regional Integration practices is assumed as the most successful in many aspects?

A. Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
B. North American Free Trade Association (NAFTA)
C. The European Union (EU)
D. The African Union (AU)

11. ___ can be defined as a mechanism used by states in private and public dialogue to pursue their objectives peacefully

A. Foreign policy
B. International relations
C. Diplomacy
D. National interest

12. Hyper globalization is a process of globalization which:

A. emphasizes the rise of nation-states
B. emphasizes the rise of the TNCs and the decline of the nation-state
C. emphasizes the decline of the MNCs
D. emphasizes the rise of regionalism

13. A state’s foreign policy may constitute all of the following techniques except?

A. Diplomatic bargaining
B. Military force
C. Economic instruments
D. Propaganda  
E. None of the above

14. Which one of the following theories advocated industrialization through import substitution as a way out for poor countries in the 1960s?

A. Hegemonic Stability theory
B. Developmental State Approach
C. Liberalism
D. Structuralism

15. Market-oriented capitalism is for the United States of America, as developmental capitalism is for ___

A. Germany
B. Japan
C. South Korea
D. India

16. Which one of the is not the character of America’s political-economic system?

A. Best characterized as neo-mercantilism  
B. Emphasis on consumerism and wealth creation
C. The role of the state in the economy is strongly undermined  
D. No persistent sense of business responsibility to society or individual citizens

17. Which theory was a result of the crisis of the 1960s that threatened the European integration process?

A. Intergovernmentalism
B. Neo-functionalism
C. Functionalism
D. Supranationalism

18. Which one among the following thinkers suggested the protection of infant industries through economic nationalism?

A. Adam Smith
B. David Ricardo
C. Friedrich List
D. Karl Marx

19. The developmental state theory as it was practiced in East Asia does not include one of the following features, Which one?

A. State intervention to guide the economy
B. Predatory state extraction of resources
C. State legitimacy through economic achievement
D. Independent bureaucracy

20. Which one of the following is a non-economic alliance?

A. International Monetary Fund (IMF)
B. World Trade Organization (WTO)
C. Northern Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
D. World Bank (WB)

21. Which approach considers underdevelopment as a byproduct of development?

A. Mercantilism
B. Dependency theory
C. Liberalism
D. Marxism

22. Among the following objectives of national interest, one is categorized as a core/short-range interest?

A. Economic betterment
B. Access to foreign markets
C. Self-preservation of the state
D. Maintaining political obedience

23. Which one of the following economic instruments of foreign policy does not have a coercive element?

A. Development aid
B. Embargo
C. Currency manipulation
D. Boycott

24. All of the following, correctly defines Diplomacy, except one.

A. is a peaceful policy instrument to enable an international actor to achieve its policy objectives
B. Diplomacy focuses on the resolution of conflict through dialogue and negotiation
C. Diplomacy is a communication process that is always free of the element of power
D. Diplomacy can promote exchanges that enhance trade, culture, wealth and knowledge

25. Among the following models which one assigns a strong role for the state in the economy?

A. Neoliberalism
B. Laissez-faire Economy
C. Developmental slate
D. Free market

Part III. Match items in Column “B” with items in Column “A”

Column A

1. Long-range interest

2. Self-preservation

3. Appeasement

4. Mercantilism

5. Self-extension

6. Alliance

7. Self-abnegation

8. Core interest

9. Alignment

10. Soviet Marxism

Column B

A. Revising the status quo in one’s favor

B. Revising the status quo in someone else’s favor

C. Formal agreement to provide mutual military assistance

D. A stance of formal non-partisanship in world affairs

E. Arrangement of states in relation to one another

F. Utopian view

G. Interests are preserved at all times

H. A policy of conceding to an aggressor

I. States’ ultimate political, economic and ideological interests

J. Maintaining the status quo

K. A theoretical and ideological perspective that defends state protectionism

L. Command economic system

M. Welfare-based economic system  

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *