Geography Final Exam – Hawassa University

Part I: Match column “A” with column “B”

Column A

1. The highland in the central geographic position in Ethiopia
2. The narrowest, and densely populated sub division of rift valley
3. The highland which extends from Chercher to Jigjiga
4. The ridge that connect Gondar, Gojjam & Wollo highlands
5. The Debre Damo monastery & other historical heritages are found
6. The most elevated lands in southeastern physiographic division
7. The most diversified highland in terms of language and ethnicity  
8. The shallow depression, into which Segen & Woito streams empty
9. The place where huge potential of salt deposit is available
10. The highland that contains a large proportion of high mountains

Column B

A. Afar Triangle
B. Arsi, Bale & Sidama Plateau
C. Chew Bahir Rift
D. Hararghe Plateau
E. Main Ethiopian Rift
F. North Central Massifs
G. Shewan Platea
H. Southwestern Highlands
I. Tigray Plateau
J. Wabishebelle Plain
K. Omo/Ghibe Lowland
L. Yeju-Wadla-Dilanata

Part II: Write “TRUE” if the statement is correct and “FALSE” if the statement is incorrect

1. Spatial distribution of natural vegetation in Ethiopia is primarily influenced by latitude

2. Xeromorphic plants are drought resistant plants and grow mostly in drier environment

3. The Afro-alpine vegetation grows mostly in lowland areas of Ethiopia

4. Endemic animals are animals that are commonly found in many parts of Ethiopia

5. Ethiopian lakes are more navigable than rivers in general ways

6. In rift valley drainage system, all rivers flow towards the same direction

7. The spatial variability of temperature in Ethiopia is mainly influenced by elevation

8. The main Ethiopian rift system is characterized by broad and shallow depression

9. Compared to developed countries, developing ones have low contribution to climate

10. As Ethiopia is located around equator, tropical climate prevails in all parts of the country  

Part III: Choose the correct answer

1. The difference in height between the highest point and lowest point in Ethiopia

A. 462m
B. 4745m
C. 4495m
D. 125m

2. As part of relief’s influence on agricultural production, which of the following crops type are well adapted to lower altitude areas?

A. Sorghum
B. Barley
C. Wheat
D. Teff  

3. Abay river and its tributaries may drain all of the following highlands, except

A. North central massif
B. Hararghean plateau
C. Shewan plateau
D. Southwestern highlands

4. Which one of the following rivers separates Sidama highlands from Bale highlands?

A. Wabishebelle
B. Awash
C. Tekezze
D. Ghenalle  

5. In terms of catchment area, the largest river in Ethiopia is

A. Genalle
B. Abay
C. Wabe-shebelle
D. Baro

6. The most utilized and navigable rivers in Ethiopia are ____ and ___ respectively

A. Abbay and Omo-Ghibe
B. Awash and Dawa
C. Ghenalle and Wabishebelle
D. Awash and Baro

7. Which of the following lakes is an artificial lake?

A. Koka
B. Tana
C. Hawassa
D. Shalla

8. All of the following are the main causes for Ethiopia to possess a large volume of surface water resources, Except

A. The diverse topographical setup
B. High evapotranspiration rate
C. Relatively higher rainfall
D. Its nearness to equator  

9. Which one is not the characteristic feature of Ethiopian lowlands?

A. There is a potential of exploitation of petroleum and natural gas
B. Higher prevalence of tropical diseases
C. They have lower potential for irrigation agriculture
D. Lower population density

10. Which of the following is not the general characteristic of Ethiopian rivers?

A. They are intensively used for irrigation and transportation systems
B. They have seasonal fluctuations in their volume of water
C. They form steep sided river valleys and gorges
D. They have rapids and falls

11. Which is not true about Ethiopian rift valley drainage system’?

A. Awash is the major river under this drainage system
B. Almost all rivers in the drainage have a permanent water flow
C. The size of drainage area is restricted by the outward sloping highlands  
D. It is the smallest drainage system in terms of catchment and total annual flow

12. Which part of Ethiopia has probably of receiving rainfall in winter/Bega season?

A. North central massif
B. South western highland
C. North eastern lowlands
D. Southwestern lowlands

13. Which of the following implicates the influence of the latitude on climate of Ethiopia?

A. Ethiopia experiences high annual range of temperature
B. Ethiopia experiences high average temperatures
C. daily range of temperature in the country is quite small
D. Ethiopia experiences significant variation in day and night length in all seasons

14. Which of the following statement is correct regarding weather and climate

A. Weather commonly takes place in wider geographic setting than climate
B. Climate implies cumulated and composite of weather events
C. Climate mostly implies the current state of atmosphere than weather
D. Weather events less probably occur in troposphere than other layers of atmosphere

15. Which one of the following is not a control of climate?

A. latitude
B. Distance from the sea
C. Ocean currents
D. Temperature

16. Identify the wrong statement about the seasonal variation of temperature in Ethiopia

A. temperature generally increase towards summer in the country
B. North part of the country experiences the highest record of temperature during summer
C. The southern part of the country receive highest temperature during Spring and Autumn
D. temperature generally Increase towards winter In the country

17. When the overhead sun is on tropic of Capricorn

A. The northern hemisphere receives long nigh and short day
B. The northern hemisphere receives long day and short night  
C. Northern hemisphere experiences the highest solar isolation of the year  
D. It is summer in the northern hemisphere

18. If approximated altitudinal location of Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia, is 2355m mean sea level, its agro ecological category is 

A. Wurch
B. Woyna Dega
C. Kolla
D. Dega

19. Which of the following does serve as mitigation measure in climate change?

A. Installing water-permeable pavements
B. Building flood defenses
C. Plan for heat waves and higher temperatures
D Increase the use of renewable energy

20. Which one of the following is correct about climate change adaptation?

A. It emphases on reducing the existing adverse climate change impacts
B. It is all about reducing GHG emission
C. It needs global scale efforts
D. It focuses on avoiding future climate change impacts

21. All of the following weathering process exemplify mechanical weathering, Except

A. Fracturing of rocks in smaller piece due to differential heating and cooling
B. Fragmentation of the rock in to pieces due to abrasion effect of running water
C. Fragmentation of rocks into pieces due to microbial activities
D. Fragmentation of rocks into pieces due to high velocity of wind

22. Which of the following soil conservation measures Is not considered as physical measures?  

A. Vegetative strip
B. Terracing
C. Building cheek dams
D. Contour ploughing

23. Which of the following best characterizes physical degradation of soil?

A. Loss of soils’ humus organic matter
B. Decline of soils’ nutrients and chemicals
C. Increasing soil structural compaction
D. Increasing soil acidity or alkalinity

24. A soil class In Ethiopia, which is mostly confined to highland with considerable leaching and rich in non-soluble minerals like iron and aluminum is called ____

A. Xerosols
B. Nitosols
C. Cambisols
D. Regosol

25. One of the following is not considered as major cause for the degradation of forest in Ethiopia, currently?

A. Expansion of settlements due to rapidly growing population
B. Clearing forest for construction and fire wood
C. Increasing practices of shilling cultivation
D. Increasing timber exploitation practices

26. Which of the following wildlife conservation site or protection area is the oldest in Ethiopia?

A. Chabara Churchura Park
B. Maze National Park
C. Awash National Palk
D. Kafet Shiraro National Park  

27. Which of the following is wrong association regarding wildlife grouping?

A. Game Animal -> Giraffes
B. Arboreal -> monkeys
C. Rare Animals -> mountain Nyala
D. Common Animal -> Wild Ass

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *