Civic Final Exam – Haramaya University

Part I. Say ‘True’ if the statement is correct and ‘False’ if it is incorrect

1. The presence of a constitution does not necessarily indicate the prevalence of constitutionalism

2. In this modern world, though there can’t be a state without defined territory, there could be a government without state

3. There is no hierarchy among human rights

4. Children born from Ethiopian foreign diplomats within the territory of America have the right to obtain American citizenship through birthplace

5. Written constitution is not easily adoptable to changing circumstances

6. Citizenship implies the legal bond between a person and a state

7. The Radical feminists focused on the male-controlled hierarchical social relations

8. A claim right is a right that bring about obligations on other parties concerning those who are entitled to possess a given right

9. The conflicting rule of blood and birth place among various states gives rise to dual citizenship, multiple and statelessness

10. The Capitalist State theory maintained that the state is artificially created by the societal consent so as to neutrally arbiter incompatible interests among the contending groups.

Part II. Matching

Column A

11. Absence of citizenship

12. Nationality by Decent

13. Naturalization

Column B

A. Substitution

B. Marriage

C. Claiming Parents Citizenship

D. Deprivation

E. International citizenship

F. Statelessness

Part III: Choose the Best Answer

14. The state is instrument of class operation linked with economic structure of the society. This view is reflected by:

A. Leviathan state
B. Capitalist state
C. Liberalist state
D. Patriarchal state
E. Pluralist state

15. “The state is run by men, and for men” this argument is directly referred to the views of:

A. Marxism
B. Radical feminists
C. Liberal feminists
D. Dependency theory
E. None

16. Second generation rights are different from first generation rights in that:

A. 2nd generations are less fundamental and unrealistic
B. 2nd generations are economic, social and cultural rights
C. 2nd generations are positive right for government intervention
D. 2nd generations are negative rights due to absence of their violation in order to realize
E. All except D

17. The principle of democracy which stipulates a precaution against too much concentration of power is

A. Constitutional Supremacy
B. Rule of Law
C. Secularism
D. Separation of Powers
E. Free, Fair and Periodic Election

18. Which one of the following participations is different from the rest?

A. Referendum
B. Recall
C. initiative
D. Plebiscite/vote
E. Statute, laws by representatives

19. In which Ethiopian constitution did the ideology of Marxist and Leninist enshrined in document?

A. The 1987
B. The 1955
C. The 1995
D. The 1931
E. The 1978

20. The document that strictly allow king in Ethiopia must have blood relationship with Solomon dynasty was?

A. Kebra Nagast
B. Eetha Nagast
C. Serate mengest
D. Law of kings
E. Sereate Nagast

21. All of the following are true about the traditional constitution of Ethiopia except?

A. There was evolved constitutional experience
B. Different documents served as a constitution
C. It was classified as written constitution
D. It laid foundations for modem constitutional development in Ethiopia
E. None

22. Which one of the following is incorrect about the 1995 constitution of Ethiopia?

A. Church and state divorced for the first time
B. Granted the right to secession in Ethiopian history
C. Advocates political pluralism
D. Allowed the creation of several centers of power and authority in the country
E. Supremacy of the constitution assured at least on paper

23. Abraham Lincoln (former US president) defined democracy as “the government of people, by the people and for the people.” This definition tells you all of the following except

A. People can exercise democracy directly or indirectly
B. The ultimate purpose of government is to serve the people
C. The sources of government power is the people themselves
D. Government officials should act for the advantage of the elites
E. The purpose of democracy is to serve the mass

24. Identify the incorrect statement about the generation of human rights?

A. First Generation Rights don’t requires state intervention for their realization
B. Second Generation Rights requires state intervention for their realization
C. Third Generation Rights are transnational in nature
D. First generation rights are emerging rights that are solidarity rights
E. None

25. Identify the constitution which Is not easily accessible to the public?

A. Written constitution
B. Effective constitution
C. Unwritten constitution
D. Rigid constitution  
E. Faced constitution

26. Which one or the following is common characteristic of the 1931, 1955 and 1987 Ethiopian constitutions?

A. Absence of prevalence of rule of law in the country
B. Unitarism
C. Assimilation policy
D. Homogenizing policy
E. All

27. According to the FDRE constitution which one of the following rights can’t be suppressed under any circumstances?

A. The state of emergency
B. The right to property
C. The right to secularism
D. The Nomenclature of the Ethiopian
E. Right to Privacy

28. One of the following is reflected in the writings of Hegel regarding idealist approach  

A. State is a universal egoism
B. Civil society is a universal altruism
C. State is universal altruism
D. State is the sum of its parts
E. A and B are answers

29. Of the following country one is known with having unwritten constitution?

A. UK and USA
B. UK and France
C. UK and Eritrea
D. UK and Germany
E. UK and New Zealand

30. In a democratic society Constitutionalism implies ____?

A. The doctrine that government respect the constitutional provisions
B. The realization of democratic principles
C. The full realization of the constitutional provisions
D. The faithfulness of citizens to their supreme law
E. All of the above

31. Of the following one is the basic feature of Human rights?

A. Human rights are inherited
B. Human rights are not everlasting
C. Human rights are innate right
D. Human rights are given by laws of government
E. Are culture of Developed and democratic countries

32. The kind of right in which the bearers escape from controls is referred to us ____ 

A. Immunity rights
B. Claim rights
C. Power rights
D. Group rights
E. Derogable rights

Part IV. Writing Part

33. Write the two essential attributes of stable and effective government and explain it

A. ____

B. ____

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