Anthropology Mid Exam – Wollo University

Part I: Write “True” if the statement is correct and write “False” if the statement is incorrect

1.  Anthropology’s unit of analysis is small-scale

2. Anthropology is highly dependent on quantitative research to understand the meaning behind any human cultural practice

3. Both Ethnographers and ethnologists use field work to conduct a research

4. Though archaeologists study the past ways of life, sometimes they could also study contemporary societies

5. The ultimate goal of anthropology is to develop an integrated picture of humankind

6. Culture is one part or characteristics of human which has attained naturally or inherited by birth

7. Anthropological perspective gives us an insight into social and cultural diversity, and knowledge about the rest of the world

Part II. Match words/phrases listed under column ‘A’ with their meanings listed under column ‘B’  

Column A

1. Holism

2. Micro focus

3. Relativism

4. Comparative approach

5. Insider view

6. Ethnocentrism

Column B

A. Focusing more on the local than the big social processes

B. Looking any phenomena from different vantage points

C. Emic perspective

D. Not making value judgment

E. Seeing what is same and different

F. Making value judgment

G. Considering one’s own culture as inferior

Part III: Choose the best answer from the given alternatives for the following questions

1. The study of human evolution through analysis of fossil remains is known as ____

A. Cultural linguistics
B. Primatology
C. Paleoanthropology
D. All are answers

2. ____ refers to study one aspect of the way of life of a society by integrating it with other complex related aspects of lives

A. Comparative approach
B. Relativistic approach
C. Emic perspective
D. Holistic approach
E. All are answers

3. Which of the following is/are true about the focus of anthropological studies?

A. How people perceive themselves and understands their world
B. How a particular group of people explain about their action
C. How a group of society give meanings to their behaviour or cultural practices
D. Understand differences & similarities among human beings across time & place
E. All of the above

4. Anthropology studies all aspects of human ways of life & culture including the meaning, nature, origin, & destiny of humanity. This indicates ____?  

A. Its emphasis on extended fieldwork
B. Its emphasis on insiders’ view
C. Its broad scope and subject matter
D. All of the above

5. Which one the following is incorrect about the contributions of anthropology?

A. It helps us to fight against cultural relativism
B. It gives a chance for us to understand our own ways of life
C. It leads us to appreciate cultural diversity and variability
D. It helps us to fight against prejudice and discriminations
E. None of the above

6. Why do anthropologists study primates’ anatomy and social behaviour?

A. To gain clues about human evolution as a species
B. To deals primarily with the ancient civilizations
C. To classifying and sequencing material culture
D. None

7. Which one of the following instruments or tools is not commonly used in ethnographic research?

A. Field work
B. Focus group discussion
C. Participant observation
D. Survey questionnaire
E. None

8. Which sub-field of anthropology is close to natural science?

A. Archaeological anthropology
B. Socio-cultural anthropology
C. Physical anthropology
D. Linguistic Anthropology

9. Which sub-fields of physical anthropology concerns to study the genetic materials of an organism such as DNA and RNA?

A. Paleoanthropology
B. Primatology
C. Human genetics
D. None

10. No language is a homogeneous system, in which everyone speaks just like everyone else; the reason for variation is geography and bilingualism, which linguistic sub-field has dealt with this argument?

A. Ethno- linguistics
B. Structural linguistics
C. Socio-linguistics
D. Historical linguistics

11. Ethnography and ethnology are two anthropological aspects in the study and analysis of society and culture. Which of the following is not true about ethnography?

A. It required extensive field work
B. Often descriptive/detailed
C. Community specific
D. It is comparative or cross-cultural study
E. None

12. Which sub-field of anthropology are the largest sub-fields of anthropology?

A. Archaeological anthropology
B. Socio-cultural anthropology
C. Biological anthropology
D. Linguistic Anthropology

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