History Mid Exam – Bahir Dar University

I. Write true if the statement is correct and false if it is incorrect (one point each)

1. Secondary sources are historical reconstructions based on primary sources

2. Periplus of Eritrean Sea is among the earliest written sources as far as the history of Ethiopian and the horn is concerned

3. History is the selective study of the past founded exclusively on concrete evidences

4. The Aksumites mainly export finished products and import naturally found goods

5. History is different from other social science disciplines because it studies the interaction of men and his environment in the present state

II. Choose the best answer from the given alternatives (one point each)

6. What was the major reason that led king Lalibela to construct rock-hewn churches?

A. To demonstrate the power of Christian kingdom over its Muslim rivals
B. To show the architectural advancement of his reign
C. To Mitigates difficulties Ethiopian Christians encountered in journey to Jerusalem
D. To make Lalibela center of tourist destination and beautiful than Jerusalem
E. To strengthen Ethiopians relation with European Christian powers

7. Which one of the following is correctly matched?

A. Acheulean tools-Homo erectus
B. Oldwan tools- Homo sapiens
C. Sangoon tools-Homo Habilies
D. A and C

8. Which one of the following is not describing the nature of history?

A. A study of the past in the light of the future
B. A study of the present in the light of the past
C. Objective record of happenings
D. A dialogue between the events of the past and progressively emerging future ends
E. Continuity and coherence are necessary elements of history

9. Which one of the following didn’t elaborate the significance of history? History

A. Helps to develop tolerance and open-mindedness
B. Enables to be critical thinker
C. Helps better understand the present
D. Historical knowledge did nothing to study philosophy and art

10. Sources of history has the following features, except?

A. They are key elements in the study of history
B. They are instruments that bring to life what appear to have been dead
C. They are basic instruments to write history though its absence didn’t prevent historians from writing history
D. They are mandatory to write authentic history because without sources there is no history

11. Which one of the following alternatives is incorrect about chronicles?

A. They had detail document about the history of Ethiopia based on authentic sources
B. They had factual detail and strong chronological framework although it needs labour to convert in to absolute chronology
C. They are averse to quantification in elaborating the number of troops
D. They elaborated about the achievements of the king by ignoring the week sides

12. Why was the year 1960s considered as crucial decade in the development of Ethiopian historiography?

A. European writers were interested to develop Ethiopian historiography
B. The government had employed special persons to write Ethiopian history
C. History emerged as an academic discipline
D. The Italian occupation of Ethiopia prior to 1960 led for the construction of history

13. Among the families of Genus homo, which one is considered as the first handy human being?

A. Homo erectus
B. Homo habilies
C. Homo sapiens
D. Archaic homo sapiens

14. From the following ports, which one was the main gateway for the introduction and expansion of Islam in the Ethiopian regions?

A. Adulis
B. Mogadishu
C. Merca
D. Zeila
E. Brava

15. The earliest recorded state in Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa is

A. Punt
B. Da’amat
C. Yeha
D. Hawulti Melazo
E. Aksum

16. Who served as a bridge between traditional writers of the early 20th century (pre 1935) and Ethiopian professional historians who came after liberation?

A. Blatten Geta Hiruy Wolde-Selassie
B. Debtera Fisseha-Giorgis Abyezgi
C. Aleqa Asme Giorgis
D. Tekele-Tsadsik Mekuria

17. Which one is not true about Orthodox Christianity in Ethiopia and the Horn?

A. It was first introduced in Ethiopia during the time of king Ezana
B. king Ezana prohibited it from being official religion
C. The coming of Nine-Saints facilitated its expansion among the mass
D. In the medial period various churches such as Debre-Worq in Gojjam established

18. Which one is the correct order or line of descent in the evolution of hominins or human species?

A. Ardipithecus ramidus – Australopithecus afarensis – Homo habilis  – Archaic Homo sapiens – Homo erectus – Homo sapiens
B. Australopithecus afarensis – Ardipithecus ramidus – Homo habilis – Archaic Homo sapiens  – Homo erectus – Homo sapiens
C. Ardipithecus ramidus – Australopithecus afarensis – Homo habilis – Homo erectus – Archaic Homo sapiens – Homo sapiens
D. Ardipithecus ramidus – Australopithecus afarensis – Homo habilis – Homo erectus  – Homo sapiens – Archaic Homo sapiens
E. Ardipithecus ramidus – Australopithecus afarensis – Homo erectus – Homo habilis- Archaic Homo sapiens – Homo sapiens

19. Which one is wrongly matched?

A. Gurage – Goita
B. Oromo – Waqa
C. Walayita – Tosa
D. Konso – Waaq
E. Gedeo – Yero

20. One of the followings can not be categorized as primary source

A. Coins
B. Inscription
C. Fossils
D. Books
E. letters

21. In which period did human beings develop language?

A. Palaeolithic
B. Mesolithic
C. Neolithic
D. all
E. None

22. Change and Continuity as a concept of history implies all of the following, except?

A. Everything in the human past has continued to this day without changes
B. Just as nothing has remained the same in the past, se too our world is the product of history involving changes and continuities
C. Some aspects in the human past may have totally decayed/died out and replaced by another
D. All
E. None

23. One of the followings not surely domesticated in Ethiopia and the Horn first

A. Maize
B. Teff
C. Enset
D. Dagussa
E. None

24. Producers of the so called Mode III types of stone tools were ____.

A. Australopithecus afarensis
B. Homo sapiens
C. Homo erectus
D. Homo habilis
E. None of the above

III. Write short answers for the following questions in the separate answer sheet. (6 points)

25. Mention at least two of the limitations of the Ethiopian chronicles and hagiographies?

26. What are the five principal drainage systems in Ethiopia and the Horn that had a profound impact on human history in the region?

27. Write the factors for the beginning of domestication

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