Inclusiveness Mid Exam – Debre Berhan University

Part I. Write true if the statement is correct and false if it is incorrect

1. Child abuse, neglect, and poor disciplinary practices at home are causal factors for emotional and behavioral disorders

2. The social model adequately explain the interaction between societal conditions or expectations and unique circumstances of an individual

3. Omission, distortion, addition and substitution of sound are examples of fluency disorder

4. People with Marfan syndrome are characterized by the prominent shoulder, flat feet, or long limbs, fingers and thumbs

5. The term had of hearing is used to describe persons whose sense of hearing is non functional for ordinary use in communication

6. Hereditary and chronic blood disease which developed when red blood cells are distorted and that do not circulate properly is referred hemophilia

7. Deaf people can hear the speech of others with the help of hearing aids (amplifier)

8. A child who exhibits age and cultural inappropriate behavior which persists for short period and is inconsistent across settings is diagnosed as a child with behavioral and emotional disorder.

Part II: Match those terms listed under column ‘B’ with their correct descriptions listed under column ‘A’

Column ‘A’

1. A disorder characterized by problems such as fighting, disobedience, tempers tantrums, and attention seeking

2. A disability that affects the individual’s ability to use his or her body or mobility and motor skills

3. A disability characterized by significant limitations in both mental functioning and adaptive behavior

4. A disorder characterized by limitation in the use of vision to communicate or obtain information from the environment

5. A disorder that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations

Column ‘B’

A. Learning disability

B. Intellectual disability

C. Physical disability

D. Internalizing behavioral disorder

E. Autism spectrum disorder

F. Sensory impairment

G. Externalizing behavioral disorder

Part II: For the following questions, write the very appropriate word/phrase  

1. An instrument recommended to be used by blind students for the purpose of writing and reading in the classroom is ____

2. IQ is primarily used to measure ____

Part IV. Choose the best and correct response from the given alternatives

1. Which one of the following is True about Medical model of disability?

A. views disability as a consequence of discrimination, prejudice and/or exclushm
B. works on identifying environmental barriers and needs of disabled person
C. gives more attention to the impairment and views disability as pathology
D. Maintains that lack of information, communication and education prevent persons with disabilities from participating on equal base

2. For children with language disorder, morphological problem refers to:

A. inability to understand the rules system for combining words to turn sentences
B. inability to understand the structural systems for word construction in language
C inability to understand and interpret what someone has said
D. in ability to understand the rules that govern sound combinations

3. Which one of the following is not causes for vulnerabilities

A. Gender equality
B. Low level of education
C. Rapid population growth
D. Poverty and hunger

4. Which one of the following is neurological system-related physical impairment?

A. Arthritis
B. Amputation
C. Muscular dystrophy
D. Spinal Bifida

5. The full inclusion of people with impairments in society can be inhibited by:

A. The Attitude that society holds such as stigmatization
B. Physical environmental barriers such as inaccessibility of offices and buildings
C. Policy or systemic barriers
D. All of the above

6. A 10-year-old child shows inattentive behavior, repeals words or phrases over and over, plays with toys in the same way every time, lines up objects and gets upset when the order is changed. This child’s is diagnosed as having ____ disorder

A. Communication disorder
B. Behavioral and emotional disorder
C. Autism
D. Learning disability

7. Cluttering is characterized by:

A. Excessively fast and jerky speech
B. Repetitions of consonant or vowel sound especially at the beginning of words
C. Abnormal production and/or absences of vocal quality
D. Substitution or omission of sounds in everyday speech

8. A person may want to speak but has difficulty in planning what to say and how to use the n, movements to produce the word. This person has difficulty on which aspect of language?

A. Phonology
B. Morphology
C. Pragmatic
D. Semantic

9. For children with language disorder, semantic problem refers to:

A. inability to understand the meaning of words and sentences
B. inability to know when to say what to whom
C. inability to understand the structural systems for word construction in language
D. inability to match sounds with their respective letters

10. Which one of the following term is appropriate to describe people who have difficulty in telling time, sequences of events, poor comprehension of math symbols or who have trouble with counting?

A. Dyslexia
B. Dysgraphia
C. Dyscalculia
D. Visual processing deficit

11. A disorder that is characterized by excessive productions of white blood cells is termed as:

A. Sickled-cell anemia
B. Seizure
C. Leukemia
D. Hemophilia

12. Munira is known with her hyperactive and restlessness behaviors in most life time, what types of emotional and behavioral disorder she has?

A. withdrawal
B. Motor excess
C. attention problem
D. psychotic behavior

13. One of the following is true about cerebral palsy:

A. it is a type of musculoskeletal system disorder
B. occurs when the brain cells are not working properly and is characterized by recurring seizures
C. it is characterized by the prominent shoulder, flat feet, or long limbs, fingers & thumbs
D. it affects body strength, balance and is characterized by poor body coordinated movement

14. A 12 years old child has a significant discrepancy between higher verbal skills and weaker motor, spatial and social skills and he has also trouble interpreting cues like facial expressions. The child’s problem is labeled as ____ disorder

A. Visual Motor Deficit
B. Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities
C. Auditory Processing Disorder
D. Dysgraphia

15. Which disease is killing a number of people today which is characterized by abnormal growth of cells that can affect any organ system?

A. Tuberculosis
B. Cancer
C. Hemophilia
D. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

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