Moral and Civic Final Exam – Hawassa University

Part I. Write TRUE if the statement is correct and FALSE if the statement is Incorrect

1. According to capitalist theory, the primary role of state is to serve the interest of the whole section of the society

2. For the state to exist the number of population and its diversity is decisive factor and element

3. Thomas Hobbes emphasizes the establishment of unlimited state in order to secure stability

4. The presence of constitution is guarantee for the prevalence of constitutionalism in a given state

5. If a person stays outside of his/her country for long period of time, mode of losing citizenship is through expiration

6. The first republican form of government was introduced in Ethiopia during the Dergue regime

Part II. Choose the correct answer from the following alternatives

1. Among the following one is demerits of unwritten constitution

A. It creates a situation of rigidity

B. It has the quality of elasticity and adaptability                                                   

C. It can absorb and also recover from shocks

D. It is not easily accessible to the public to determine

E. All

2. According to Pluralist theory, state can be understood as:

A. An instrument of class oppression

B. The sole source of the ‘right’ to use violence

C. A collection of institutions which are concerned with violence and coercion

D. An institution that acts as an ‘umpire’ or ‘referee’ in society

E. A system of male power

3. The idealist approaches to the state is conceived as:

A. ‘Universal altruism’ underpinned by mutual sympathy

C. ‘Particular altruism’ operates that encourages people to set aside their own interests

C. ‘Universal egoism’ in which individuals place their own interests before those of others

D. ‘Particular altruism’ in which individuals place their group interests

4. Which one of the following is a non-derogable right in accordance with FDRE Constitution?

A. Article 19

B. Article 18

C. Article 24

D. Article 27

5. Basically, human rights are different from other rights in that:

A. It endowed to all individuals by nature irrespective of time and space

B. It is given to all individual citizens in respective of any differences

C. It provided by the constitution of a state

D. Its conception has been varied across political systems

E. It is given to all individual citizens by democratic institutions

6. Which one is correct about Second Generation Human Rights? It

A. Gives much emphasizes for collective rights

B. Incorporate solidarity rights

C. Includes civil and political rights

D. Highlights liberty oriented rights

7. Assume that country “Y” was annexed/absorbed by country “X”. After the case has been taken place, the inhabitant’s citizenship/ nationality of country “Y” lost their original citizenship status because of it was replaced by the subjugator (County X). This way of losing citizenship is refers to:

A. Renunciation

B. Deprivation

C. Lapse

D. Substitution

8. While “the primacy of public life over the private live” is the basic tenet of _____, “cultural citizenship status” is equally important for _____.

A. Republican Perspective, Communitarian Perspective

B. Communitarian perspective, Republican Perspective

C. Liberal perspective, Republican Perspective

D. Liberal perspective, Communitarian Perspective

9. “There is no uniform international law that governs the process of attaining and loosing citizenship status.” This statement entails ___

A. Even if individuals may not develop the sense of cosmopolitans, it is impossible as it is ideal

B. While attaining citizenship status is most likely internal affair of a state, there are some grounds at international level to deal with loosing nationality

C. Countries may follow different (even contradictory) laws with regard to acquiring and loosing nationality

D. Citizenship is a matter of a given sovereign state which may give or deny by the will of that state

10. Which perspective of state focuses on the role or purpose of the state institutions?

A. An idealist perspective

B. A functionalist perspective

C. An organizational perspective

D. An international perspective

11. Among the dualistic structure of the state which one is concerned with its relations to the individuals and groups that live within its borders, and its ability to maintain domestic order?

A. An organizational perspective

B. Inward-looking face

C. An international perspective

D. Outward looking face

12. The most influential argument of leviathan, which is known as over supply thesis, portrays that:

A. Broader class that is created due to state and other social interests

B. The state, as autonomous entity, pursue its own interest

C. Non biasness of the state to any particular interest

D. The interest of the state is not separated from those of society

E. None of the above

13. Among the following which one viewed the state in negative terms?

A. Liberal feminist

B. Radical feminist

C. The instrumentalist

D. New right

14. Suppose, John (citizen of USA) and Abeba (an Ethiopian) were married and Mr. John wants to get Ethiopian citizenship by marriage while he maintains his current citizenship. But the Ethiopian government denied naturalizing him because of?

A. No naturalization in Ethiopia citizenship law

B. No deprivation of citizenship in Ethiopia

C. No dual citizenship in Ethiopia citizenship law

D. Marriage between two different nationals is impossible

E. All of the above

15. Which one of the following is not immediately realizable rights?

A. Civil and Political rights

B. Socio-economic and cultural rights

C. The right to peace, development and the environment

D. All of the above

16. A Citizenship theory that claims that ‘equal right’ is not enough and that the concept of ‘differentiated citizenship’ should be applied is called ____

A. Liberal citizenship

B. Republican citizenship

C. Communitarian citizenship

D. Multicultural citizenship

17. Which component of right emphasis no one including the State has any legitimate authority to interfere with the citizen’s freedom except to prevent harm to others?

A. Claim right

B. Liberty rights

C. Immunity rights

D. Power rights

18. Which of the following is true about liberal theory of citizenship?

A. Primary goal of Citizens is to promote the common good

B. It emphasizes individual rights and freedoms

C. Citizens are expected to undertake as many responsibilities as possible

D. The private interest is seen as part of the public interest

19. Which one of the following is NOT the major factor for the revision of the 1931 constitution of Ethiopia?

A. The federation of Eritrea with Ethiopia

B. The establishment of the United nation Organization

C. The socio-economic condition that has happened after second world war

D. All are correct answers

20. Which one of the following is invalid about the 1987 constitution?

A. It is allows one party to exist

B. Create unicameral parliament

C. Recognize the rights of nations and rationalities

D. It allow free market economy

21. Which one of the following is not true about derogation and limitation of human right?

A. Derogation is infringement of human rights under normal circumstance

B. Limitation of human rights can occur under normal circumstances

C. Derogation of human rights can occur under state of emergency

D. Derogation requires special circumstances

22. Which one of the following is the first international instrument of human rights issued by UN?





23. “State is a collection of institution which are established and funded by the public” is the view of:

A. Idealism

B. Functionalism

C. Organizational

D. International

Part III. Match the role of the state under column ‘A’ with their explanation under column ‘B’

Column ‘A’

1. Minimal state

2. Developmental state

3. Social democratic state

4. Collectivized state

5. Totalitarian state

Column ‘B’

A. Brings the entirety of economic life under state control

B. Brings the economy, education, culture and religion under state control

C. State exists to maintain domestic order and stability

D. State intervenes with a view to bring fairness in the society

E. State intervenes in order to bring about economic growth

F. A state where there is no separation between state and religion

Part IV. Short Answer Questions 

1. Write at least three criterions to get Ethiopian nationality through application

A. __________

B. __________

C. __________

2. Mention two essential attribute of Government for the government to be stable

A. __________

B. __________

3. Enumerate the four specific conditions for declaring state of emergency, According to Ethiopian constitution article 93

A. __________

B. __________

C. __________

D. __________

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