Anthropology Mid Exam – Woldiya University

Part I. Choose the most appropriate answer from the choices given after each statement

1. A marriage between the children of the siblings of the same sex is called _____

A. Cross Cousins Marriage  
B. parallel cousins marriage
C. Levirate marriage
D. sororate marriage

2. During the colonial era, the Ghana had adopted the socio cultural and technological manifestations of UK. These forms of Culture change could be:

A. Acculturation
B. Invention  
C. Globalization
D. Innovation

3. Which of the following statement is incorrect about cultural relativism and human right approach

A. For cultural relativism approach, a culture has to be studied in terms of its own contexts
B. Human right is based on universal principles and gives no attention to the local cultures
C. Cultural relativism emphasize on appreciating cultural diversities and respecting other cultures
D. Anthropologists are in favor of local socio-cultural practices than supporting universal principles  

4. Whereas _____ indicates to the family in which one is born and reared, _____ denotes to the family to which one establishes relation through marriage

A. Family of Procreation / Family of Orientation
B. Family / Marriage
C. Descent / Descent Rule  
D. Family of Orientation / Family of Procreation

5. Identify the wrong statement about the subject matter of Anthropology

A. The subject covers all aspects of human ways of life and culture
B. No dimension of humankind, from genes to art styles, is outside the anthropologist’s attention
C. No place or time is too remote to escape the anthropologist’s notice
D. Anthropologists are confident whether humanity is absolutely dichotomous with other lower forms of animals

6. The process by which an individual learns the rules and values of one’s culture is known as

A. Diffusion
B. Acculturation
C. Assimilation
D. Enculturation

7. Identify the wrong statement about the contributions of anthropology

A. Anthropology gives us an insight into different ways and modes of life of a given society
B. Anthropology helps us understand our own ways of lives
C. Anthropology helps us fight against prejudices and discriminations
D. Anthropology is used as a tool for development  
E. Anthropology helps us to boost the misunderstandings

8. A person who came from hot geographical area in climatic condition can exist and survive at a place where cold and chilly weather condition is available through adjusting his/her wearing style. This is because:

A. Culture is Shared
B. Culture is Maladaptive
C. Culture is Dynamic
D. Culture is Adaptive

10. Which statement is wrong about ethnocentrism

A. Ethnocentrism is a cultural universal
B. Ethnocentrism is a conservative force in preserving traditions of one’s own culture
C. Ethnocentrism can help us to maintain the separation and uniqueness of cultures
D. Our ethnocentrism can allow us for understanding and appreciating another culture

11. A research method where researchers observe and/or interact with a study’s participants in their real-life environment indicates to

A. Ethnology
B. Ethnography
C. Descriptive study
D. Correlation

13. One of the following is a parts of cultural universals

A. Family
B. Polyandrous marriage
C. Polygyny
D. Monogamy

14. Identify the wrong statements

A. Norms are shared guidelines that defines how people ought to behave
B. Beliefs have more content than values
C. Values reflects the inward nature of man
D. Values are a specific notions of what is good and bad behave

15. Assume that you left your local area and cultural group that you grow up for the purpose of study. You met students whose social setting is different from you. After a while, you are able to communicate with them with their language. Thus, with which characteristics of culture can this description go together?

A. Culture is learned
B. Culture is dynamic
C. Culture is symbolic
D. Culture is all encompassing

16. The most common forms of marriage payment in Africa is _____

A. Bride Service
B. Bride Price
C. Bride wealth  
D. Dowry
E. B and C

Part II. Blank Space Questions

17. _____ is a structured system of relationships where individuals are bound together by complex interlocking ties

18. _____ refers to a set of principles by which an individual traces his descent

19. _____ denotes to the societal norms that prohibits sexual relation within the close relatives

20. _____ are norms that are not strictly enforced

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