Anthropology Final Exam – AASTU

I. Choose the best answer

1. Anthropologists often employ two approaches emic and etic. Emic approach:

A. Understanding and describing the world from the insider’s (people’s) view
B. The researcher’s views and interpretation of the subject being studied
C. It view is observer-oriented approach
D. A and B
E. A, B & C

2. One is not true about Culture

A. Culture is all-encompassing
B. Culture is general and specific
C. Culture is socially learned
D. Culture is not patterned
E. A, B, D except C

3. Ethnocentrism

A. is an attitude of taking one’s own culture and ways of life as the best
B. It is the tendency to apply one’s own cultural values in judging the other cultures
C. Our own group is the center or axis of everything, and we scale all others with reference to it
D. A & B
E. A, B & C

4. Which one is not true statement in Anthropology?

A. Human biology affects human culture, and vice versa  
B. Human evolution in Anthropology is bicultural
C. Human evolution is the result biological and cultural dimensions
D. all other animals survive mainly through their biology and by relying on instinct and cultural information
E. A and D
F. C & D

5. Humanity is

A. About males, females, adults, or children
B. It is about modern humans
C. It’s about both all living things
D. B & C 
E. A, B & C

6. One is correct about race

A. For most anthropologists categorizing human groups by race has no biological basis  
B. Race is a cultural construct that groups people together based on perceived biological similarities
C. Race is both a cultural construct and a discredited biological term for Anthropologist
D. A & B 
E. A, B and C

7. In relation to cultural Area in Ethiopia

A. Most of highland and central parts of the country considered a plough cultural area
B. Most of highland and central parts of the country considered Enset cultural area
C. Guraghe, Sidama and Gedeo constitute enset culture area
D. Inhabitants of the pastoral culture area rely significantly on their herds and cattle for a living
E. A, C, & D
F. A, B, C & D

8. By Endogamy

A. The rule that require mates are chosen within specified group
B. The rule that requite mates are chosen within the family
C. The rule that require mates are chosen within other group
D. The rule that require mates are chosen both within family & other group
E. A and B

9.How does contemporary anthropology differ scope from other disciplines concerned with humans (such as sociology, economics, and human biology)?

A. Anthropologists only study ancient cultures, whereas other social science disciplines focus on contemporary humans
B. All anthropologists today spend their time studying exotic people in remote corners of the world
C. Unlike other human related disciplines, anthropology is interested in all varieties of throughout the world, from the ancient past to the present
D. Anthropologists confine themselves to studying how humans evolved millions of years of age

10. Which statement about human races best summarizes arthrological findings?

A. Popular racial categories are biologically significant units of anthropological analysis
B. Popular racial categories need to be further refined to formulate biologically significant units
C. Popular racial categories are socio-cultural constructs of no potential biological significance
D. Popular racial categories have no biological or sociocultural significance

11. One of the following is observed in nature in the cumulative effect of evolution

A. The fact that life forms have offspring;
B. The fact that each offspring is slightly different from its parents, and its siblings; and
C. The fact that not all offspring survive, and those that do tend to be the ones best suited to their environment
D. A & B
E. All A, B & C

12. In one of the post-marital residence rule the Married couple forms an independent place of residence away from the relatives of either spouse

A. Avunculocal Residence
B. Ambilocal/Bilocal
C. Neolocal Residence
D. Patrilocal Residence
E. All

13. Identify the correct statement about gender marginalization

A. Girls and women face negative discrimination in societies across the world
B. Gender inequality mainly arises from socio-cultural norms
C. Gender inequality mainly arises from chromosomal difference
D. Gender-based marginalization is a global problem
E. A, B & C
F. A, B & D

14. Identify the correct statement about vulnerability

A. It is the state of being exposed to physical or emotional injuries  
B. children and people with disabilities are among Vulnerable groups need special support
C. Vulnerable groups are people exposed to possibilities of attack, harms or mistreatment
D. A, B & C
E. A & C only

15. Marginalization

A. involves exclusion of certain groups from Social Activities
B. because of cultural diversity The nature and level of marginalization varies from society to society
C. The nature and level of marginalization is similar across all culture
D. A and B
E. A, B & C

II. Write True or False

16. Ethnocentrism means being proud of your heritage

17. The instrumentalist understandings of ethnicity as an instrument of group mobilization for political and economic ends

18. In Patrilineal descent individuals are free to show their genealogical links either through men or Women

19. The institution of marriage regulates and socially validates long term, sexual relations between males and females

20. In nuclear family unit blood ties are more important than ties of marriage

III. Match column A with answer from column B

Column A

21. The fact that life forms have offspring

22. Cognatic Descent

23. The Nuclear Family

24. Kinship

25. Biological Function of Marriage

Column B

A. Consisting of husband and wife and their children

B. Variation

C. Replication

D. Societies were individuals are free to show their genealogical links either through men or

E. When the descent is traced solely through the female line

F. the method of reckoning relationship

G. sexual and reproductive function

H. Kinship system relationship based on blood ties

I. clitoridectomy, excision, infibulation

J. minority group

K. Marginalization

L. One factor that contribute a lot for the continuation of early marriage

M. Economic Discrimination

IV. Outline and discuss the following questions

26. Outline and discuss five special features of indigenous knowledge on the space provided

27. Outline and discuss characteristics feature of culture

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